Journal of Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society

2021/1



Inhaltsverzeichnis
Journal of Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society
2021/1
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Special Section: Issues in the History and Memory of the OUN IV

Yuliya Yurchuk, Andreas Umland: Introduction: Studies in the Course and Commemoration of the OUN’s Anti-Soviet Resistance

Grzegorz Motyka: NKVD Internal Troops Operations against the Ukrainian Insurgent Army in 1944–45

Oksana Myshlovska: History Education and Reconciliation: The Ukrainian National Underground Movement in Secondary School Curricula, Textbooks, and Classroom Practices (1991–2012)

Marian Luschnat-Ziegler: Observing Trends in Ukrainian Memory Politics (2014–2019) through Structural Topic Modeling

Special Section: A Debate on “Ustashism,” Generic Fascism, and the OUN I

Featuring contributions by Ángel Alcalde; Ivan Gomza; Roger D. Griffin; Per A. Rudling; Stephen D. Shenfield; Andreas Umland; Yuliya Yurchuk; Oleksandr Zaitsev.

Reviews:
Maria Shagina on Thane Gustafson: The Bridge: Natural Gas in a Redivided Europe

Iryna Shchygol on Maria A. Rogacheva: Soviet Scientists Remember: Oral Histories of the Cold War Generation 

Aleksander Ivanov on Zuzanna Bogumił: Gulag Memories: The Rediscovery and Commemoration of Russia’s Repressive Past

Aijan Sharshenova on Bettina Renz: Russia’s Military Revival

Darina Sadvakassova on Marlene Laruelle: The Nazarbayev Generation: Youth in Kazakhstan

Kateryna Smagliy on Beth A. Fischer: The Myth of Triumphalism: Rethinking President Reagan’s Cold War Legacy

Mariia Koskina on Victoria Donovan: Chronicles in Stone: Preservation, Patriotism, and Identity in Northwest Russia

Aleksandra Pomiecko on Brandon M. Schechter: The Stuff of Soldiers: A History of the Red Army in World War II through Objects

Magda Giurcanu on Andrew Monaghan: Dealing with the Russians

Autor/-in

About the author

Julie Fedor is Senior Lecturer in Modern European History at the University of Melbourne.
Zusatzinformation

Zusatzinformation

Lieferzeit 2-3 Tage / 2-3 days
Autor/-in Oleksandr Zaitsev, Angel Alcalde, Ivan Gomza, Roger Griffin, Marian Luschnat-Ziegler, Grzegorz Motyka, Per A. Rudling, Stephen D. Shenfield, Oksana Myshlovska
Herausgeber/-in Andreas Umland, Yulia Yurchuk
Anzahl der Seiten 260
Sprache Englisch
Erscheinungsdatum 11.05.2021
Gewicht (kg) 0.3400
ISSN 2364-5334
ISBN-13 9783838216065
DOI

DOI: 10.24216/97723645330050701_02 OpenAcess

Grzegorz Motyka
NKVD Internal Troops Operations against the Ukrainian Insurgent Army in 1944–45
10.24216/97723645330050701_02
22 Seiten
Verfügbare Formate:
OpenAcess
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 DE https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/de/
The Internal Troops of the Soviet People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs (the NKVD) were a special-purpose unit established to fight guerrilla movements and “internal enemies.” Documents declassified following the collapse of the USSR indicate that “pacifications” carried out by the NKVD Internal Troops were brutal and very extensive. Analysis of activities targeting the Ukrainian underground movement in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia in the final period of World War II and immediately after its end suggests that once the front had moved through these regions large-scale dragnet operations to eliminate major Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) units were immediately launched. In time, these operations covered the entire region. What followed were operations carried out by smaller pursuit groups which constantly operated in the field. The NKVD repression targeted not only members of the underground movement but also large groups of civilians. In principle, collective family responsibility was observed; there were numerous instances when defenseless individuals were killed—in reports they were described as armed “criminals.” The Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and the UPA enjoyed genuine support on the part of the local Ukrainian population, which is why, despite huge losses, they continued their underground fighting activity until the mid-1950s. However, as early as the turn of 1945 and 1946, due to the activity of the NKVD, large guerrilla fighter units were demobilized and adopted the tactics known as “deep underground.” In this period, nearly four hundred thousand residents of this region, i.e., almost every family, were affected by Soviet repression. The memory of these acts of repression has contributed to the emergence of the cult of the UPA in present-day Ukraine.