Afanasii Shchapov and the Significance of Religious Dissent in Imperial Russia, 1848-70



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Afanasii Shchapov and the Significance of Religious Dissent in Imperial Russia, 1848-70
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In the 1650s and 1660s, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Nikon, carried out a series of reforms which were rejected by a large number of the faithful. The split that resulted, the Great Schism or raskol, led a large proportion of the Russian population to become completely isolated from the official church. Known as raskol’niki, they were seen as stubborn opponents of both church and government and were fiercely persecuted. Two centuries later amidst peasant protests, revolutionary conspiracies and government paranoia, Russia’s religious dissenters were again at the forefront of national concerns. Russia’s autocratic rulers, while equating Orthodoxy with political loyalty, saw the heterodox as a threat to internal security. At the same time, Russian revolutionaries began to look to the people as an instrument of political change. Where all too often loyalty to the Tsar was the defining feature of the pea¬sants, the raskol’niki with their persecuted history and stubborn resistance seemed to promise a well of opposition from which the radicals could draw. The historian and radical thinker Afanasii Shchapov (1830-1876) championed religious dissent as a politically democratic movement. More than anyone else he defined the relationship between political and religious dissent that was to persist until the revolution of 1917. In examining Shchapov’s works together with a wide range of printed and archival sources, Thomas Marsden reveals that the raskol’niki were central to the most important questions of mid-nineteenth century Russian society - those of revolution, nationality, and progress.
The author

About the author

Thomas Marsden is reading for a D. Phil. in Modern History at Balliol College, Oxford, where he holds the Peter Storey Scholarship. He completed an M. Phil. in Modern European History with distinction at St. Edmund Hall, Oxford, where he also received his B.A. in Modern History. His research interests are religious dissent and political radicalism in Imperial Russia.
Additional Information

Additional Information

Delivery time 2-3 Tage / 2-3 days
Author Thomas Marsden
Number of pages 104
Language English
Publication date Jan 14, 2008
Weight (kg) 0.1690
ISBN-13 9783898218627