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In “Nailed to the rolls of honour, crucified: Irish Literary Responses to the Great War – The War Writings of Patrick MacGill, James Hanley, and Liam O’Flaherty” Robert Starr examines Irish perspectives on the First World War based on the works of three Roman Catholic Irishmen. What influences shaped Irish soldiers from the working class in those days? With what motives did they go into battle? And how did the soldier’s faith affect their attitude to the war? Starr tries to answer these questions. He looks at them in a European context and focuses on the fact that the working class saw military service as work and not as a duty or vocation.

Short description:

This book explores the war writings of Patrick MacGill, James Hanley, and Liam O’Flaherty, working class, Roman Catholic Irishmen, all of whom fought in the First World War as privates and who, collectively, it is argued, constitute a distinct trio of war writers. Through discussions focusing upon class, camaraderie, violence, religion, trauma, and the body, this book considers these Irish soldiers within a cultural, social, and historical context. Central to this examination is the idea that the motives for enlistment and the experience of army labor and even combat was such that military service was perceived as work rather than a duty or vocation undertaken in support of any prevailing doctrines of patriotism or sacrifice. The men’s Catholicism also shaped their aesthetic and philosophical responses to the war, even while the war conversely troubled their faith or confirmed their religious scepticism. The war writing of these men is located within both an Irish and a pan-European literary working class tradition, thereby permitting the texts to be viewed within a wider context than literature of the First World War, and from a perspective that goes beyond Ireland and Britain. These characteristics shape a perspective on the conflict very different from that of the canonical officer-writers, men such as Siegfried Sassoon, Robert Graves, or Edmund Blunden, whose work is considered alongside those of the three Irish soldier-writers.

About the author:

Robert Starr began studying English Literature later in life having previously worked in such diverse occupations as law enforcement in England and music while living on the east coast of America. Attending the Universities of Central England, Cambridge, and Warwick, where he completed his PhD, Starr developed an interest in the men who form the cornerstone to this text. Having an Irish heritage, his desire was to bring to the fore the experiences of Catholic soldiers from Ireland who fought in the British army, men who historically have received little attention.

Posted By Janina Wittlif

Herbstprogramm 2020

Sep 8, 2020 11:19:15 AM

Politik, Gesellschaft, Sprache, Literatur und Belletristik - nur ein kleiner Ausschnitt der Fachrichtungen, die von unseren Neuererscheinungen im Herbst 2020 abgedeckt werden. Stöbern Sie in unserem aktuellen Programm und entdecken Sie Spannendes, Wissenswertes und Lehrreiches.

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Posted By Valerie Lange

Humanity today is mainly concerned with the question of how we can live our unpredictable and limited existence in order to live a long and healthy life. Highly developed medicine helps us to do this. Very few, instead, want to think about the end. But since time is the condition of all human experience – but for us mortals it is limited – the answers to the current challenges in medical practice are increasingly linked to answers to philosophical questions.

In "The Practice of Medicine as Being in Time" Raymond C. Barfield deals with the symbiosis between medicine and philosophy and attempts to show that the meaning and purpose of medical practice is inseparable from existence in time.

Featured Reviews:

“Dr. Barfield has incredibly insightful words for these changing times in medicine. His exquisite craftsmanship in this text is impressive, but especially his keen ability to expertly circumnavigate this complex topic that is so important to us all – health and human life in the modern era.” Dr. David Markham, Emory University.

"Is Raymond Barfield a physician who happens to be a philosopher or a philosopher who happens to be a physician? One thing is for sure: he’s able to use words in ways that remind us of their overwhelming meaning – words like “disease,” “love,” “death,” and “How can I help today?” As our vast healthcare systems suffer from the illnesses of managed care and the bottom line, this book is an urgent and humane exploration of what the practice of medicine is all about." Prof. Scott Samuelson, author of Seven Ways of Looking at Pointless Suffering and The Deepest Human Life.

Short description:

This is an exciting but difficult time for the practice of medicine. The impact of corporate transformation on practice is part of a larger cultural crisis. The arena of medicine is a testing ground for our responses to this crisis because it is so closely and directly connected to our bodies.

The limitation of time gives our lives the arc of a story, with a beginning, a middle and an end. Unfortunately, many of us in the modern world avoid thinking about limits in our lives – especially the limit of our time called death. The practice of medicine serves people who have reached limits in their lives caused by the threat of illness and death. Because good medical practice is so closely linked to the complex effects these threats have on our limited lives, this book argues that the meaning and purpose of medical practice is inextricably linked to existence in time.

The book will be published on 20.10.2020.

 

About the author:

Raymond Barfield is Professor of Pediatrics and Christian Philosophy at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He received his MD and his PhD (in philosophy) from Emory University. He is a pediatric oncologist and palliative care physician with an interest in expanding the role of the humanities and the arts in the formation of physicians. He teaches philosophy in the Divinity School at Duke. He has published widely in medicine, philosophy, and literature, including several books: Life in the Blind Spot (poetry), The Book of Colors (a novel), The Ancient Quarrel Between Poetry and Philosophy, Wager: Beauty, Suffering, and Being in the World, and The Poetic Apriori: Philosophical Imagination in a Meaningful Universe. He was the founding director of three programs at Duke: Pediatric Quality of Life and Palliative Care, Theology, Medicine, and Culture and Reimagine Medicine. Currently he is the director of the Medical Humanities Program for the Trent Center for Bioethics, Medical Humanities, and History of Medicine in the Medical School. Ray is married to Karen Barfield, an Episcopal priest. They have two children, Micah and Alexandra, and one grandson named Crew.

 

Library access:

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Posted By Janina Wittlif

Treffen Sie Uta Mitsching-Viertel und Ellen Händler auf ihrer Lesereise. Die Autorinnen lesen aus ihrem aktuellen Buch "Unerhörte Ostfrauen" und laden zu einem regen Austausch ein. 

 

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Posted By ibidem

The use of ambiguity in art and photography can be a conscious or unconscious act - but it influences the way we react. Ambiguity is rarely discussed, but as a means of expression it is of great importance. In “Ambiguity Revisited – Communicating with Pictures” acclaimed writer and photographer Stuart Franklin offers a fresh way of exploring ambiguity.

Featured Reviews:

“By relating the concept of ambiguity to the image-viewer relationship, Stuart Franklin provides a major contribution to the debate about the communicative and interactive approaches within the visual arts. He shows that as representations are made readable, they are integrated into active processes of meaning-construction.”—Professor Karen Fromm, University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Hannover

"A well-informed and thoughtful book. Enriched with historical and theoretical references, the chapter on ’Time’ gave me a greater understanding of the representation of time in photography/film."—Chino Otsuka, Photographer, Associate Professor of Film and Photography, Richmond, The American International University in London, UK

Short description:

“Ambiguity Revisited” is concerned with the manner in which pictures communicate with the spectator. Its focus lies in those fluid, indeterminate spaces where our reading of images, in art and photography, exercises and draws upon our imagination, memory, and experience. Sir William Empson’s seminal (1930) text: Seven Types of Ambiguity is used as a springboard to discussion, towards a fresh way of exploring ambiguity beyond English literature, and in a broader framework to that contained in John Berger’s (1989) Another Way of Telling. The use of ambiguity in art and photography, as in literature, is both a conscious and an unconscious act; and ambiguity influences the way in which we respond to work, from Leonardo da Vinci’s portraits to the photographer William Eggleston’s engaging and idiosyncratic reflections on America’s Deep South. This ambiguity is a force for good, or at least one to be reckoned with, due to its participatory nature in actively engaging with, or masking itself from, the viewer. Ambiguity is infrequently discussed but is highly relevant as an expressive device. It holds a position at the core of communication within the visual arts. As society becomes influenced increasingly by communications delivered in a visual form, so we, the consumers, require tools, more than ever, to engage with the work.

 

About the author:

Acclaimed writer and photographer Professor Stuart Franklin studied drawing and painting, photography and history of art as well as geography in Oxford, Whitechapel, London, and West Surrey College of Art and Design. In 1989, as a full member of Magnum Photos, Franklin photographed the uprising in Tiananmen Square and shot one of the Tank Man photographs, first published in Time Magazine, as well as widely documenting the uprising in Beijing, earning him a World Press Photo Award. He was awarded a professorship in documentary photography in 2016 by Volda University College, Norway. In the same year he published The Documentary Impulse (Phaidon). In 2017, Franklin was the general chair of the World Press Photo jury. In recent years, Franklin has received commissions from, and published articles in, Oxford University Press, Harper's Magazine, The New York Review of Books, The Guardian, the Financial Times Magazine, The Sunday Times Magazine, London, and Art Magazine, Hamburg.

 

Library access:

Ask your university library to get library access: For institutional customers, ibidem’s catalogue is available via direct online access for their users and / or employees.

Please contact our library service at library@ibidem.eu for further information and for ordering an online subscription.

Posted By Janina Wittlif

Mass Murder and Serial Murder

Jul 22, 2020 2:00:00 PM

Although mass murderers and serial killers describe two different categories, they also have a lot in common. What distinguishes the two categories from each other and what connects them? In "Mass Murder and Serial Murder" Arnon Edelstein proposes a completely new category – "mass serial murder" – and calls for an integrative theoretical model instead of the current research models.

Short description:

While "mass murder" refers to the murder of several people at the same time, "serial murder" describes several murders by the same perpetrator in a repetitive pattern. These incidents usually claim a high number of victims and cause considerable public anxiety. Nevertheless, the rate of finding murderers in these cases is relatively very low, especially for serial killings, if they are ever caught at all. Anon Edelstein examines the different categories of mass murder and serial murder and combines them into a new category, "mass serial murder". In "Mass Murder and Serial Murder" he presents and criticizes the most recent research and theoretical literature in this field and proposes an integrative theoretical model instead. This groundbreaking volume is intended for criminologists, psychologists, sociologists, students, and readers who are interested in truly understanding the complicated aspects of this fascinating field of investigation.

 

"Mass Murder and Serial Murder" will be published on 27.10.2020.

About the author:

Arnon Edelstein is a professor in criminology teaching students from the armed forces at Ashkelon Academic College in Israel. He holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. from the Institute of Criminology in the Department of Law of the Hebrew University. In addition, he is CEO of Re-integration LTD, a project to re-integrate ex-prisoners into the community.

Edelstein investigates the field of youth at risk and has published numerous articles on delinquency and deviance among immigrant youth. He is author of the criminology monographs Criminal Career and Serial Criminality (2006) and Intimate Partner Femicide in Israel (2011). Prof. Edelstein is married, has three children, and the family lives in the South of Israel.

 

Library access:

Ask your university library to get library access: For institutional customers, ibidem’s catalogue is available via direct online access for their users and / or employees.

Please contact our library service at library@ibidem.eu for further information and for ordering an online subscription.

Posted By Janina Wittlif

Die Anzahl von partizipierenden Bürgerinnen und Bürgern mit Migrationshintergrund bleibt trotz im Allgemeinen gestiegener Teilhabe gering. Auch Jugendliche mit Migrationshintergrund sind bei Formen des bürgerschaftlichen Engagements unterrepräsentiert. Die Grundlagen für politische Partizipation werden jedoch bereits im Kindesalter gelegt. Yvonne Blöcker geht in ihrer Studie „Demokratie- und Politikvorstellungen von Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund“ den (impliziten) Demokratie- und Politikvorstellungen von neun- und zehnjährigen Schülerinnen und Schülern mit Migrationshintergrund nach und gibt Ansatzpunkte für die politische Bildung.

Kurze Beschreibung:

Unterschiedliche Studien haben sich bereits mit dem politischen und demokratischen Wissen von Kindern im Grundschulalter befasst – weithin unerforscht ist jedoch die Gruppe von Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund. Welche Vorstellungen von Demokratie und Politik haben sie? Und wie nehmen sie politische und demokratische Prozesse in Deutschland wahr? Anhand dreier Fokusgruppen geht Yvonne Blöcker in „Demokratie- und Politikvorstellungen von Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund“ der Frage nach, welche Meinungen und Wahrnehmungen die Untersuchungsgruppe zu ausgewählten Demokratie- und Politikmerkmalen hat. Hierfür arbeitet sie die Assoziationen zu den Begriffen Demokratie und Politik heraus und betrachtet die Aspekte Ordnung des menschlichen Zusammenlebens, Meinungs- und Religionsfreiheit, Gleichheit und Gerechtigkeit, Partizipation, Gemeinsinn, Interessenkonflikte und Macht. Die Studie zeigt Gemeinsamkeiten, Unterschiede und Auffälligkeiten innerhalb der einzelnen Fokusgruppen sowie zwischen den drei Gruppen auf.

Über die Autorin:

Yvonne Blöcker (geb. Wypchol), Jahrgang 1986, hat Politikwissenschaft und Germanistik an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen studiert. Bis 2018 arbeitete sie am Göttinger Institut für Demokratieforschung, zu ihrem Hauptarbeitsbereich gehörte die „Göttinger Kinderdemokratie“. Seit 2018 lebt und arbeitet sie in der Nähe von Hannover.

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Bitte kontaktieren Sie unseren Bibliotheksdienst unter bibliothek@ibidem.eu für weitere Informationen und für die Bestellung eines Online-Abonnements.

Posted By Janina Wittlif

2020 is the 75th anniversary of the first atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the now available edited collection Hiroshima-75: Nuclear Issues in Global Contexts by David Marples and Aya Fujiwara a group of international scholars seeks answers to the following questions: What lessons have we learned since the end of World War II? Can we avoid disasters like Chernobyl and Fukushima? And have we learned to live with man-made nuclear energy in the 21st century? The book offers new perspectives on the world’s first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities and the history, development, and portrayal of the utilization of atomic energy: in military and civilian industries, civil nuclear power, literature and film, and the contemporary world.

Featured Reviews:

"One of the great ironies of our time is the high level of nuclear weapons’ danger and the low level of public understanding. The public needs authentic information on the meaning of Hiroshima, and how the whole world continues to be held hostage to nuclear weapons. That valuable information is provided here."—Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C., Former Canadian Ambassador for Disarmament 

“No single discipline can address the problem of nuclear harm—we need them all.  If the (re)emerging interdisciplinary field of the Nuclear Humanities promises to bring new insights and understandings about the nuclear age from both inside and outside the academy, then Aya Fujiwara and David R. Marples’ edited volume Hiroshima-75 sure delivers!  The book will be useful to all those who share the normative impulse that the civilian and militaristic applications of nuclear technology continues to pose problems, and a necessary intervention for those who do not.”—N.A.J. Taylor, University of Melbourne

About the Editors:

  • Aya Fujiwara is Director of the Prince Takamado Japan Centre and Lecturer of History and Classics at the University of Alberta.
  • David R. Marples is Distinguished University Professor at the University of Alberta and has authored twenty books over his career, including three on the Chernobyl disaster.

Posted By Janina Wittlif

Never Speak to Strangers...

May 19, 2020 3:15:00 PM

In Never Speak to Strangers and Other Writing from Russia and the Soviet Union, David Satter, one of the world’s leading commentators on Russian affairs, chronologizes his experiences with Russia over the past 40 years. Satter’s collection is a must-read for everyone who wants to understand todays Russia.

Featured Reviews:

”Many of our finest journalists have grappled with the moral legacy of Soviet communism, [… but] no one has stayed with the issue longer, dug deeper or thought harder about it than David Satter.”— Stephen Sestanovich, U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for the former Soviet Union, 1997–2001

„My take on this massive collection of essays is that David Satter got things right. Taken together, his essays give us a much-needed framework for understanding Russia under Putin: where it came from, what it is like now, and—the most difficult question of all—where it is headed.“ — Paul R. Gregory, research fellow at the Hoover Institution

Short summary

David Satter arrived in the Soviet Union in June, 1976 as the correspondent of the Financial Times of London and entered a country that was a giant theater of the absurd. After 1982, he was banned from the Soviet Union but allowed back in 1990, and finally expelled in 2013 on the grounds that the secret police regarded his presence as “undesirable.”

From 1976 to the present, he saw four different Russias, which differed from each other radically while remaining essentially the same. From 1976 to 1982, the Soviet Union was at the height of its world power and its people were in thrall to an absurd ideology. With the advent of Gorbachev’s perestroika, the Soviet population was liberated from the ideology and the state hurtled to its inevitable collapse. When independent Russia emerged from the wreckage, the failure to replace the missing ideology with genuine moral values led to Russia’s complete criminalization.

 

Library access:

Ask your university library to get library access: For institutional customers, ibidem’s catalogue is available via direct online access for their users and / or employees.

Please contact our library service at library@ibidem.eu for further information and for ordering an online subscription.

Posted By Janina Wittlif

Diverse views on a controversial topic

What is political correctness? What is conformism? And could one say that pre-emptive obedience is a part of the increasingly prevalent climate of political correctness encountered today? The authors of the anthology PC on Earth: The Beginnings of the Totalitarian Mindset address these questions in various ways and present diverse views on a controversial topic. The book is a collection of satire, philosophical analysis, travel reports, political analysis, and personal experiences. This collection offers readers independent and free-thinking opinions they will get nowhere else.

A collection of free-thinking opinions

Edited by Jasmin Dall'Agnola and Jabbar Moradi, this anthology contains writings by Josette Baer, Jozef Banáš, Jasmin Dall’Agnola, Peter Thomas Hill, Lukas Joos, Pavle Krsmanović, Adis Merdzanovic, Jabbar Moradi, David O’Kane, Balász Varádi and Marc Winter.

Library access

Ask your university library to get library access: For institutional customers, ibidem’s catalogue is available via direct online access for their users and / or employees.

Please contact our library service at library@ibidem.eu for further information and for ordering an online subscription.

Posted By Janina Wittlif

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