Agri-environmental Decision-making of Chinese Farmers

Economic, social and cognitive determinants of farmers’ nitrogen overuse in Shandong Province



Table of contents
Agri-environmental Decision-making of Chinese Farmers
Economic, social and cognitive determinants of farmers’ nitrogen overuse in Shandong Province
€39.90
About the book

Details

Over the past 30 years, China’s intensive agricultural production and nitrogen overuse has led to significant environmental problems. Moreover, farmers face uncertainty regarding better technologies since they are risk-averse due to the experiences they have made in the past. Thus, the challenge to overcome is to implement well-grounded approaches that accomplish effective agricultural training, encouraging farmers to adopt optimised practices. Since, in addition to economic concerns, successful local policy implementation is closely related to an individual’s social and cognitive preferences, the approach of this study was to link the socio-psychological theory to the economic model of individual behaviour. Tailored to the Chinese context, in particular farmers’ agri-environmental attitudes, their fundamental value positions and personal guanxi relationships are focussed in order to show how the mental decision-process is related to the cultural, institutional and historical context. Empirical evidence was gained by a comprehensive survey in Shandong Province. The results provide an overview of the economic, environmental and structural situation of Chinese agriculture. Besides excessive nitrogen overuse and low production efficiencies, decreasing profitability reveals the poor environmental and economic situation of small-scale farms. As a result of increasing opportunity costs for labour, in particular of young family members, farms diversify their income strategies. Overall, Chinese agriculture lacks better structural conditions and future perspectives as well as the support of effective extension systems with well-educated trainees. Hence, policy recommendations are proposed in the fields of education, political incentives and institutional reforms, challenging a new agricultural paradigm for China.
The author

About the author

Dr. sc. agr. Daniela Böhm (born in 1981) studied Social and Cultural Anthropology, Human Geography and Agricultural Sciences at the University of Göttingen and obtained her Master of Arts degree in 2008. Afterwards, she started her doctorate at the Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development and conducted two BMBF-funded interdisciplinary Sino-German projects for her research. Dr. Böhm received her doctorate degree in February 2012. Her major qualifications are related to social and cultural issues in the field of agricultural and environmental development.
Additional Information

Additional Information

Delivery time 2-3 Tage / 2-3 days
Author Daniela Böhm
Number of pages 230
Language English
Publication date May 1, 2012
Weight (kg) 0.3500
ISBN-13 9783838203836